The Adaptation and Validation of Resilience Scale for HIV Patients


  • Faiza Nayyer
  • Iffat Batool



Resilience, HIV, Adults, Psychometric properties


Objectives: The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the Resilience scale for HIV positive adults in Pakistan. The psychometric properties of the scale were also established. Methods: Cross-sectional research design was used for data collection from HIV patients residing in nine different cities of Punjab during 2019-2020. The Resilience Scale was adapted for HIV positive adults. The psychometric properties and fitness of model in indigenous culture was assessed by performing Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis on the adapted scale. Convergent and Discriminant validity of the adapted was also measured by measuring its correlation with General Resilience Scale. Results: The results of EFA revealed that the adapted version of The Resilience Scale is valid while results of CFA revealed that the scale possessed a good model fit in the indigenous culture. Results of convergent validity showed significant positive correlation between resilience in HIV patients and in normal population measured by adapted scale. Results of discriminant validity also displayed significant negative correlation between depression and resilience in HIV positive patients. Conclusion: The adapted version of The Resilience Scale was fit for the HIV patients in Pakistan.



How to Cite

Nayyer, F. ., & Batool, I. . (2021). The Adaptation and Validation of Resilience Scale for HIV Patients. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 27(1), 96-100.