Demographic Characteristics of Tuberculosis Patients at Public Sector Health Facilities in Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords:Pulmonary tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Silicosis, Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, HIV
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious chronic bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). More than 95% of cases and deaths are reported in developing countries. Tuberculosis affects all age groups but adults are mostly affected in their most productive age. However, all age groups are at risks. In the
world, TB is one of the major killer infectious diseases, which place it in one of the top 5 causes of death for females aged 15 to 44. The death rate due to this isease has declined by 47% from 1990 to 2015.
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the demographic parameters of patients of Tuberculosis at public sector health facilities Lahore, Pakistan.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in outpatient Department of chest Medicine in Public sector health facilities Lahore, Pakistan from 1st January 2017 to 30th June 2017 after informed consent from Tuberculosis patients. After simple random sampling 1120 patients coming from different parts of the Punjab
province were included in this study. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS version 22. Results: A total of 1120 patients were included in this study; the mean age of cases was 33 ± 16.76 years with minimum and maximum age of 15 and 100 years. The median and mode of ages was 27 and 15 years, respectively. The most common age group was 15-24 years that comprised of 473(42.23%) of the cases. A total of 529(47.23%) patients were male and 591(52.77%) were female in this study. In male and female cases, frequency of cases was decreased as age increased. Both male and female cases had almost similar distribution of age. There were 830(74.11%) cases those belonged to Lahore while 25.895% were from other cities. Approximately 48.96% males and 38.92% females were educated, 37.24% males and 52.79% females had monthly income 10,000 or less whereas 34.82% males and 25.04% females had monthly income between ten thousands and thirty thousands.38.75% males and 44.84% females belonged to lower class.1004 (89.64%) cases were relapsed and 116(10.36%) were new cases. 366(32.68%) cases had pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and 754(67.32%) cases had extra pulmonary tuberculosis.
Conclusion: There were 830(74.11%) cases that belonged to Lahore while 25.895 were from other cities. Majority of the cases were relapsed after treatment. The extra pulmonary lymph node was the most frequent site for involvement.
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