Frequency of Cervical Pre-Malignancy in Pregnant Women

  • Imrana Rasheed
  • Khadija Waheed
  • Sara Ejaz
  • Javeria Mushtaq


AbstractThe abnormal growth of precancerous cells on the surface of the cervix is cervical intraepithelial neo-plasia (CIN). Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is classified according to extent of the abnormal cell growth and is classified as low grade and high grade. Human papilloma virus, a sexually transmitted virus is commonly associated with CIN. A regular Pap smear test can detect CIN at early stages and this helps in treating disease at early stage and protection against human papilloma virus can be provided with vaccine.Objective:  To find the frequency of cervical pre-malignancy in pregnant women.Patients and Methods:  This cross – sectional study was conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gyna-ecology, Lahore. A total of 260 patients were included in this study. Pap smear samples were collected and fixed in 95% alcohol solution. Smears were sent with a histopathology form for reporting.Results:  Mean age of the patients was 27.32 ± 5.12 years. Mean gestational age was 29.60 ± 6.36 weeks. Cervical pre-malignancy on pap smear was observed in 8 patients (3.01%). All of them were CIN – I. Stratification with regard to history of smoking, history of oral contraception, low socioeconomic status, multiple marriages and early marriage was done.Conclusion:  Women having history of low socio-economic status and oral contraceptive were more prevalent in developing CIN. It is recommended that cervical cancer screening by pap smear is for all women who are sexually active.  
How to Cite
RASHEED, Imrana et al. Frequency of Cervical Pre-Malignancy in Pregnant Women. Annals of King Edward Medical University, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 3, dec. 2016. ISSN 2079-0694. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 feb. 2018. doi:
Basic & Biomedical


Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, Pap smear, HPV.

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