• Shamila Ijaz Munir
  • Aneesa Sadiq
  • Shahina Ishtiaq




Objective:  To study the frequency of causes of pri-mary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in women man-aged in a tertiary care Hospital.

material and Methods:  The study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Unit - l, Lady Willingdon Hospital/ King Edward Medical Uni-versity, Lahore from July 2013 to December 2013. All the women having postpartum haemorrhage after vagi-nal delivery in the labour room or referred with pri-mary postpartum haemorrhage were included in the study and were evaluated to see the frequency of post-partum haemorrhage as well as the causes of PPH in women being treated in a tertiary care unit.

Results:  During the study period 1344 women deli-vered in unit I and 250 patients developed postpartum haemorrhage giving frequency of primary postpartum haemorrhage 18.60%. Majority of the women 29.6% (n = 74) were between 26 - 30 years of age, mean and

Munir S.I.1

Assistant Professor

KEMU / Lady Willingdon Hospital, Lahore

Sadiq A.2

Postgraduate Trainee

King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Ishtiaq S.3

Assistant Professor

Ziauddin Medical University, Karachi

SD was 28.43 ± 4.76 years. The gestation of 55.2%
(n = 138) patients was between 37 - 40 weeks.

      The frequency of postpartum haemorrhage in booked women during antenatal period was recorded as 25.2% (n = 63) while 74.8% (n = 187) were not booked in any health facility.

      Among patients who developed PPH, uterine atony was the most common cause 57.6% (n = 144), followed by genital tract tears which was 29.2% (n = 73). The rest of the causes of PPH were retained pla-centa in 10% (n = 25), uterine rupture in 3.6% (n = 9) and uterine inversion in 1.6% (n = 4).

Conclusions:  Postpartum haemorrhage is still a lead-ing but preventable cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in our country due to under utilization of health facilities, the major cause is uterine atony follo-wed by perineal tears.

Key Words:  Primary postpartum hemorrhage, ante-natal care in tertiary care hospital, uterine atony, peri-neal tears.

How to Cite

Munir, S. I., Sadiq, A., & Ishtiaq, S. (1). FREQUENCY OF CAUSES OF PRIMARY POSTPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 21(1), 33.



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