RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE OUTBREAK OF MEASLES IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN

Authors

  • Saira Afzal
  • Bushra Bint-e-Afzal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v20i4.678

Abstract

Abstract

In Pakistan, three consecutive epidemics of measles in 2012 - 13 affected many thousands of children.

Objectives:  To determine the risk factors associated with the outbreak of measles in Lahore.

Methods:  A population based case-control study with 1:1 case to control ratio was conducted in Lahore. Pur-posive Sampling was done.

Results:  Out of 100 subjects 50 were cases and 50 were controls. Demographic characteristics were des-cribed. The risk estimation was done by Odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Logistic regression analysis was employed at significance of alpha 0.05. Among cases 89% children > 9 months of age, 57% males and 43% females came from highly populated areas with lack of vaccine availability (75%), mostly belonging to middle socioeconomic status (83%) and educated families (63%). Fifty five percent were vac-cinated against measles from hospital or dispensary and few from mobile teams. 79% had history of travel to epidemic areas and history of breast feeding was present in 66%. Coexisting illness along with measles was present in 30% and 28% had Vitamin - A defi-

Afzal S.1

Chairperson and Head, Department of Community Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore - Pakistan

Afzal H.B.B.E.2

M.B.B.S Final Year Student

King Edward Medical University, Lahore

cient diet. Twenty four percent parents showed lack of confidence in immunization program. Nineteen per-cent measles patient's mothers were sick and treated during pregnancy. The lack of cold chain, lack of awa-reness of expanded program of immunization, and malnutrition were found statistically significant.

Conclusion:  The lack of Expanded Program of Imm-unization, transmission from surroundings and coexis-ting illness were found significant in measles epi-demic.

Key words:  Measles, risk factors, contagious, pre-ventable disease, immunization, transmission.

How to Cite

Afzal, S., & Bint-e-Afzal, B. (1). RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE OUTBREAK OF MEASLES IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 20(4), 302. https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v20i4.678

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