Relationship of Emotional Intelligence and Intelligence Quotient with Academic Performance of Postgraduate Students
Objective: This study is aimed at examining the rela-tionship of emotional intelligence (EI) and intelligence quotient (IQ) with academic performance (AP) among postgraduate students.
Study Design: Survey type with convenient sampl-ing.
Place and Duration of Study: Shakoor Mind Care Institute Bahawalpur and the department of applied psychology Islamia University of Bahawalpur during 1st February 2012 to 31st May 2012.Subjects and Methods: For this purpose 50 postgra-duate students (n = 50) were selected from different departments of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. After taking informed consent from each student, Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale - III (WAIS - III) and Self Report Measure of Emotional Intelligence (SRMEI) was administered and the score for each stu-dent calculated. As a measure of the academic perfor-mance (AP), the cumulative grade point average (CG-PA) of each participant was obtained and confirmed from their respective departments. The data collected was entered and analyzed by using SPSS 17.0.
Results: The students with average IQ but high or very high EI secured "good" and "excellent" CGPA against the students with low EI who were poor achie-vers. Regression analysis model shows significant dependence of AP upon EI (R2 = 0.751). One way ana-lysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that AP depends on EI at any level of significance (p = 0.00). ANOVA also proved significant dependence of AP upon IQ (p = o.o36). Finally, the overall impact of EI (R2 = 0.751) on AP is significantly greater than that of IQ (R2 = 0.088).
Conclusion: Both the Emotional Intelligence and Intelligence Quotient have strong relationship with academic performance. The overall impact of EI on AP is greater than that of IQ. The training classes to enhance EI may improve the academic and adminis-trative performance of the participants.
Key words: Emotional Intelligence, Intelligence Quo-tient, Academic Performance.
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