Infodemics: Use of Peer Reviewed and Non-Peer Reviewed Information by Post Grad-uate Trainee Doctors for COVID-19 Pandemic in Pakistan.
Keywords:Infodemics, COVID-19, health informatics, social media, telemedicine.
AbstractBackground: Reliable and peer reviewed information is of immense importance for preventive, diagnostic and curative solutions and efforts should be done to minimize inaccurate infodemics among post graduate trainee doctors. Objective: The aim of the study was to access the use of Peer Reviewed and Non-Peer Reviewed Information by post graduate trainee doctors for COVID-19 Pandemic in Pakistan. Methods: The study was analytical cross sectional in design and was conducted in 3193 post graduate trainee doctors employing Electronic Logbook (elog) system of College of Physicians and Surgeons, Pakistan. An online survey included demographic characteristics, year of training, specialty and sources of information used for COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Total 3193 study participants from all provinces of Pakistan were included with mean age of 28.68 years. Majority of participants (58.66%) used both peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed information source for getting updated guidelines and information about COVID-19. According to bivariate analysis results, significant differences were revealed between the source of information and the age (p < 0.001), province (p < 0.001) and gender (p < 0.002). Multivariate logistic regression results showed that the age less than 30 years (AOR = 1.311, 95% (CI: 0.800, 2.146), working in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (AOR = 1.549, 95% (CI: 1.210-1.982) and female gender(AOR = 1.551, 95% (CI: 1.303, 1.847). was significantly associated with increased use of social media for getting information. Conclusion: Use of non-peer reviewed information for COVID-19 pandemic by postgraduate trainee doctors is common.
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