A Hospital-Acquired Infection: A Public Health Problem

Authors

  • Prof. Saira Afzal King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Khunsa Junaid King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Faiza Aziz King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Keywords:

Hospital-Acquired Infection, Public Health Problem, Nosocomial Infection, Pakistan

Abstract

hospital-acquired infection, also known as nosocomial infection or hospital associated-infection, is defined as any infection that develops within 48 hours after hospitalization. It may develop either from out-patient clinic, indoor hospital setting, nursing homes, diagnostic laboratories or any other clinical settings. It may also occur either in epidemic or endemic form but endemic hospital-acquired infections are most common. According to an estimation, more than 1.4 million patients get affected globally by hospital-associated infections both in developed and underdeveloped countries. At any times, the prevalence of nosocomial infections differs between 3.5 to 12% in developed countries. However, the prevalence of nosocomial infections in developing countries is 5.7% to 19.1% and the average prevalence is significantly higher in contrast to developed countries. In accordance with a recent multicenter study conducted in Europe, the prevalence of hospital-associated infection is 51% in intensive care unit patients and the cumulative incidence is 17 episodes per 1000 patient-days among high-risk adults in developed countries. Though, in developing countries, the prevalence of nosocomial infections in intensive care unit patients is significantly greater (88.9%) with 42.7 episodes per 1000 patient-days that are nearly three times greater in contrast to high-income countries.

Author Biographies

Prof. Saira Afzal, King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Dean of Public Health and Preventive Medicine,

King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Khunsa Junaid, King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Post Graduate Trainee,

Department of Community Medicine,
King Edward Medical University, LahoreĀ 

Faiza Aziz, King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Research Officer,

Department of Community Medicine,

King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Published

2021-04-09

How to Cite

Prof. Saira Afzal, Khunsa Junaid, & Faiza Aziz. (2021). A Hospital-Acquired Infection: A Public Health Problem. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 27(2). Retrieved from https://www.annalskemu.org/journal/index.php/annals/article/view/4440

Issue

Section

Editorial