COVID-19 and Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Precautions
Keywords:COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Comorbidities, Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, Cardiovascular disease.
AbstractBackground: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder complicating multiple organs in the human body. Diabetes may be associated with a severe form of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). We performed a systematic review and analyzed available data to investigate the association between DM and the severity of disease in patients with COVID-19. Methods: We systematically searched the PubMed, WHO database, and Google Scholar databases until 20 May 2020 using the keywords “COVID-19”, “comorbidities,” “diabetes mellitus.” Relevant full-text articles accessed and data retrieved. Conclusion: DM was associated with mortality, severe COVID-19, ARDS, and disease progression in patients with COVID-19. We have also identified the problems of diabetes self-management in the current scenario of lockdown and mobility restrictions and suggested possible solutions to overcome those.
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