A Cross-Sectional Study of Happiness, Self-Esteem and Optimism in Medical Students
Keywords:Medical student, Happiness, Optimism, Self-esteem, Medical studies
Objective: Medical students are exposed to a multitude of stressors which contribute to diminution of happiness. Self-esteem and optimism go hand in hand with happiness. Lack of the former two may further curtail the latter. The present study looked to determine interdependence between happiness, self-esteem and optimism among medical undergraduates, and discern any gender based differences between them. .
Methods: In this cross-sectional research, medical students (n=173) were subjected to three validated psychological instruments namely Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) and Life Orientation Test (LOT). Students were grouped as happy/unhappy, having higher self-esteem/lower self-esteem, and as optimistic/pessimistic on basis of their mean scores. SHS, RSES and LOT scores were also collated with gender. Comparative and co relational assessments were carried out using independent sample T-test and Pearson’s correlation, respectively.
Results: Low frequencies of happiness (46.24%), self-esteem (52.60%) and optimism (49.13%) were observed. Significant correlation was found between the three parameters (RSES vs. SHS; Pearson’s R= 0.369, p= 0.001) (LOT vs. SHS; Pearson’s R= 0.323, p= 0.001) (RSES vs. LOT; Pearson’s R= 0.271, p= 0.001). Gender based analysis did not show any difference in self-esteem (mean score; males 27.70 vs. females 28.02, p= 0.726) and optimism (mean score; males 15.41 vs. females 14.98, p= 0.550). However, there was a significant difference in happiness (mean score; males 19.77 vs. females 17.81, p= 0.017). .
Conclusion: A major part of the medical student population is unhappy, pessimistic and has low self-esteem. Psycho-social measures should be implemented to curb such damaging elements. .
How to Cite
This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments firstname.lastname@example.org