Spectrum of Benign Breast Lesions in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Lahore
AbstractWomen with benign breast diseases (BBD) are at a high risk of developing breast cancer. Objective: Purpose of the study was to analyze the spectrum of BBD in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore to understand the prevalence of inflammatory lesions, benign neoplasms and their age-wise comparison.Methodology: The study was carried out at Pathology Department, King Edward Medical University, Lahore. Data of 368 cases of BBD during a time span of 3 years (2011-2014) was obtained retrospectively.Results: There were 190 patients of fibroadenoma (FA), 81 of fibrocystic disease (FCD), 64 of breast abscess (BA), 12 of granulomatous mastitis (GM), 7 of lipoma, 5 of phylloides tumor (PL), 4 of fibrosis (F), 2 of intraductal papilloma (IDP) and 3 of accessory breast with Fibrocystic (FC) changes. The relation between theages and frequency of the different types of lesions was also analyzed to understand the association between predisposing factors and the nature of lesions.Conclusions: Out results demonstrated that the FA is the most frequent benign breast lesions and is common among young females with age ranges from 10 to 20 years. FCD is the second most common lesion, while FA and FCD are less common among women older than 40 years. Benign neoplasms are more frequentamong women of the Lahore. There were only three cases of sclerosing adenosis, 2 of microglandularadenosis, 3 of hyperplasia and no case of radial scar.
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