A MATCHED CASE – CONTROL STUDY TO IDENTIFY POTENTIAL RISK FACTORS OF DENGUE FEVER AMONG RESIDENTS OF A LOCAL UNIVERSITY, LAHORE

  • Mamoona Chaudhry
  • Saeed Ahmad
  • Muhammad Nisar
  • Hamad Bin Rashid
  • Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq
  • Tayyba Ijaz
  • Haroon Rashid Chaudhry
  • Muhammad Raashed

Abstract

Abstract Objective:  To identify potential risk factors of den-gue fever (DF). Study Design:  1:1 matched case-control study. Methodology:  Cases were those participants confir-med with DF by laboratory investigation (n = 37) and controls (n = 37) were selected from participants who had no past history of having DF during their stay at the city campus of University of Veterinary and Ani-mal Sciences, Lahore during the outbreak of 2010 and 2011 and were matched on education level. Data Analysis:  Logistic regression analyses were applied to check the association of risk factors with dengue infection. Results:  Signs and symptoms showed that the pati-ents suffering from DF had fever (100%), headache (100%), body pain (97.3%), eye pain (89.2%), joint pain (83.8%), abdominal pain (62.2%), gum bleeding (37.8%), nasal bleeding (18.9%), diarrhea (27%), blo-od in stool (5.4%) and blood in urine (2.7%). People not using repellents (Odds Ratio [OR] = 6.68; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.30 - 34.18), and people not sleeping inside screened doors and windows (OR = 4.82; 95% CI: 1.17-19.72) were the significant poten-tial risk factors. Conclusion:  Dengue could be controlled by aware-ness and adapting protective measures.
How to Cite
CHAUDHRY, Mamoona et al. A MATCHED CASE – CONTROL STUDY TO IDENTIFY POTENTIAL RISK FACTORS OF DENGUE FEVER AMONG RESIDENTS OF A LOCAL UNIVERSITY, LAHORE. Annals of King Edward Medical University, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 3, p. 173, nov. 2015. ISSN 2079-0694. Available at: <http://www.annalskemu.org/journal/index.php/annals/article/view/743>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v21i3.743.
Section
Basic & Biomedical

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