The fracture of Hyoid Bone in Strangulation – A review
AbstractFifty-seven medico legal autopsies on strangulation deaths, conducted during five-year period between January 1995 and December 1999 in the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Khyber Medical College Peshawar, were reviewed. The result revealed that incidence of fracture of hyoid bone was exceptionally high in manual strangulation (73%) compared to the overall incidence of (22.8%). Majority of the victims (80.7%) were strangled by means of hanging or ligature strangulation. Fracture of the hyoid bone was more common in the age group above forty (40%). 27.3% hyoid bones were fractured where the Level of constriction of neck was above thyroid cartilage and 16.7% where it was at or below thyroid cartilage.
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