• Usma Iftikhar
  • Muhammad Anees
  • Muhammad Nadeem
  • Shabaz Aman
  • Atif Hasnain Kazmi


Abstract Background:  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a serious disease in which some type of replacement (renal transplant or dialysis) is required. End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is the name given to Stage 5 CKD. Various cutaenous manifestations are associated with it which may be due to the disease itself or caused by its treatment. Objectives:  This study was conducted to determine the frequency of cutaneous manifestations in patients Iftikhar U.1 Senior Registrar, Department of Dermatology Unit - II, Mayo Hospital, Lahore Anees M.2 Head of Nephrology Department KEMU / Mayo Hospital, Lahore Nadeem M.3 Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology Unit - I KEMU / Mayo Hospital, Lahore Aman S.4 Head of Dermatology Department SIMS / Services Hospital, Lahore Kazmi A.H.5 Registrar / Chairman Department of Dermatology KEMU / Mayo Hospital, Lahore of end stage renal disease undergoing haemodialysis. Material and Methods:  One hundred patients under-going maintenance haemodialyis in the Department of Nephrology, KEMU / Mayo Hospital, Lahore were examined from January to June, 2011, through spe-cially designed proformas, to determine the presence of cutaneous manifestations in these patients. Results:  There were 58 males and 42 females with a mean age of 50 ± 4 years. Overall frequency of cuta-neous manifestations was 82%. The commonest find-ings were xerosis 78% and pruritus 64%. Others were pallor 62%, hyperpigmentation 54%, nail changes 48%, infections 37%, hair changes 35% and mucosal changes 22%. Some rare manifestations seen were arteriovenous shunt dermatitis, acquired perforating disorders, calcification and nephrogenic fibrosing der-matopathy. Conclusion:  Cutaneous and mucosal findings are a common problem in patients of ESRD and those undergoing long-term haemodialysis. The commonest are xerosis and pruritus followed by involvement of hair, nails and mucous membranes. Key Words:  Chronic kidney disease, End stage renal disease, Haemodialysis, Xerosis.

Author Biography

Shabaz Aman
How to Cite
IFTIKHAR, Usma et al. FREQUENCY OF CUTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS IN PATIENTS Of END STAGE RENAL DISEASE ON HAEMO-DIALYSIS. Annals of King Edward Medical University, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 2, p. 61, aug. 2015. ISSN 2079-0694. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 apr. 2018. doi:
Medicine & Allied

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