Presence of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
AbstractThe relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular diseases strongly exists as diastolic dysfunction is commonly reported in COPD patients. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the presence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients of COPD. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Mayo Hospital Lahore for one year. A total of 50 confirmed cases of COPD were included in the study. History of smoking was taken and subjects were examined for positive signs for the clinical, ECG, x-ray chest PA view and pulmonary function tests. Additionally, they were subjected to echocardiography and left ventricular diastolic dysfunctions were noted. Results: In our study, mean age of the patients was 60.7±6.2 years and mean FEV1/FVC ratio was 56.9±14.3%. Similarly mean ejection fraction of the patients turned out to be 60.6±4.6. The mean peak mitral filling velocity of the patients was 69.8±15.9 cm/s. The mean peak mitral filling rate of the patients was 57.2±30.9 cm/s and mean E/A ratio was 1.3±0.3. The mean iso-volumetric relaxation time of the patients was 84.2±14.7 msec. The mean mitral E deceleration time of the patients was 187.4±25.1 msec. The mean atrial flow reversal was 0.28±0.04. There were 14 (28%) patients having left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Conclusion: COPD patients had left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and it was related to increase in pulmonary artery pressure.
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